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Pakistan Studies Notes Class 12th FA/F.Sc/ICS/ICOM in Urdu Ch # 2 – Initial Problems of Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Dear Students,

Initial Problems of Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Islami Jamhooria e Pakistan kay Ibtedai Masaail) is the 2nd Chapter in Pakistan Studies new course for FA/F.Sc/ICS/ICOM Students. This course was recently revised by Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education Islamabad (FBISE).The Second chapter (Initial Problems of Islamic Republic of Pakistan اسلامی جمہوریہ پاکستان کے ابتدائی مسائل) has the following objectives. To know about the salient aspects of partition. To appreciate the leadership and guidance provided by Quaid-i-Azam. To appreciate the sufferings and scarifies made by the people of Pakistan. In this Chapter students will cover Red Cliff Award and Its injustices, Administrative problems of Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Influx of Refugees, Division of Assets, Division of Armed Forces and Assets, Water/Canal Dispute, Accession of princely states (Junagarh, Manawdar, Kashmir, Hyderabad Daccan), National Solidarity and stability. Furthermore, students will also learn about The vision of Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah about Pakistan, Settlement of Refugees, Advice to Govt officials for national service, Provincialism, parochialism, Guiding principles for the economy of Pakistan, Guiding principles of Foreign Policy, Advice to the students to concentrate on education. Additionally, Leadership qualities, Negotiations, premises, concessions, discussions. Faith, Unity and Discipline have also been included in this chapter.