Dear Students and Respectable Parents / Teachers,
In this post I am going to upload Biology notes for First Year XI F.Sc Premedical Students. Biology is a compulsory subject for the students who choose Premedical subjects. Other subjects include in this group are Physics and Chemistry. The aims of Biology Course at F.Sc level are to enable the students to appreciate that Allah (SWT) is Creator and Sustainer of the universe. Broaden and stimulate student’s interest in and enjoyment of learning Biology and to help them to acquire self initiative in the study of biology. Develop an understanding of biological facts, concepts and principles and Develop awareness for application of Biology in personal, social, economic environmental and technological contexts.Be complete in itself and perform useful educational functions for students not intending to study Biology at a higher level. Suitably prepare for higher education courses in Biology, for biological studies in other educational establishments and for professional courses which require students to have a knowledge of Biology. Develop feeling for living things. Become well informed, confident and responsible citizen in a modern technological advanced changing world. Similarly the objectives of Biology at intermediate level are to recall, Biological facts, Biological terms, Biological concepts and principles, Biological techniques, To recall some of the ways in which biological knowledge is applied in daily life. To organize interpret data from various sources and draw inferences from it. To use appropriate instruments and to take accurate and precise measurements. To recognize biological problems. To devise methods for testing the hypotheses, using controls where appropriate. Student should acquire an interest and enjoyment in studying living organisms and their interrelationship. A feeling for living organisms. A critical and inquiring mind. An objective attitude towards evidence. A positive attitude in discussing biological issue in personal, social, environmental and technological context. An awareness that the body of biological knowledge is not static; and that experimental and investigatory work are important for its advancement. An awareness for the need of appropriate safety procedures. An awareness of both the usefulness and limitations of hypotheses in making predictions and describing biological phenomena.
Recently, Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Islamabad has changed their syllabus. Now, both the old and new syllabus are available on our website. Students can view / download them according to their needs. Please select one of the following:
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