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Ch#5 “Variety of Life” – Download 1st Year Biology Notes PDF (New Course) FBISE 2016-17

Dear Students,

“Variety of Life” is the 5th Chapter in the new course of Biology for intermediate premedical students. In this chapter the students will learn the Needs and bases of biological classification-homologies, comparative biochemistry, cytology, genetics, Concepts of species and hierarchy of biological classification, Two to five kingdom systems of classification, including five kingdom systems by Robert Whittaker (1969), Margulis and Schwartz (1998), Discovery of Viruses, Characteristics, structure and classification of viruses, Life cycle of a bacteriophage, Viral diseases: Transmission / spread and control of viral diseases, Human immune deficiency virus (HIV) – a Retrovirus. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS) –symptoms, transmission, and its control Hepatitis B & C – symptoms, transmission and control.